Adoption Statistics
Statistic Verification
Source: Adoption USA : National Survey of Adoptive Parents, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Research Date: 4.19.2013
Adoption is a process whereby a person assumes the parenting for another and, in so doing, permanently transfers all rights and responsibilities, along with filiation, from the biological parent or parents.
Adoption Type Breakdown Percent Number
Private domestic adoptions 38 % 677,000
Foster Care adoptions 37 % 661,000
International adoptions 25 % 444,000
Adoptive Family Structure Percent
Married 70.2 %
Unmarried Couple 1.6 %
Single Female 22.7 %
Single Male 5.5 %
Adoption Expenses Foster Private International
No Cost 56 % 22 % 2 %
$1 – $5,000 29 % 33 % 1 %
$5,000 – $10,000 6% 13 % 5 %
$10,000 + 9 % 33 % 93 %
Reasons for choosing to adopt Foster Private International
To provide a permanent home for a child 86 % 70 % 90 %
To expand family 61 % 60 % 92 %
Infertility 39 % 52 % 72 %
Wanted sibling for a child 24 % 16 % 36 %
Had adopted child’s siblings 11 % 7 % N/A
Adoption Type Breakdown Percent
Percent of adopted children that lived with their birth family before adoption 43 %
Percent of adopted children adopted by relatives 41 %
Percent of all adopted children that are male 49 %
Percent of international adopted children that are male 33 %
Race Distribution of Adopted Children  
White 37 %
Black 23 %
Asian 15 %
Hispanic 15 %
Other 9 %
Age Distribution of Adopted Children  
0-2 6 %
3-4 9 %
5-9 30 %
10-12 19 %
13-14 14 %
15-17 23 %
Adoption Statistics Data
Percent of adopted children parents who say they would "definitely" make the same decision to adopt knowing what they know now about their child 87 %
Percent of adoptions that are trans racial 40 %
Percent of adoptive parents receiving adoption subsidy 87 %
Adopted children according to parenting and parent-child measures  
Parent-child relationship "very warm and close" 81 %
Parent-child relationship "better than ever expected" 42 %
Having children in parent’s life "better than ever expected" 51 %
Parent copes "very well" with the demands of parenting 53 %
Parent NOT aggravated 89 %
Adopted children social and emotional well-being Adopted All Children
Ever diagnosed with depression (age 2+) 9 % 4 %
Ever diagnosed with ADD/ADHD (age 6+) 26 % 10 %
Ever diagnosed with behavior conduct problems (age 2+) 15 % 4 %
Problems with social behaviors (ages 6+) 14 % 9 %
Exhibits positive social behaviors (ages 6+) 88 % 94 %
Foster Care Statistics (2010) Data
Total number of children in foster care 408,425
Mean age 9.4
Median age 9.2
Mean length of stay in foster care 25.3 Months
Median length of stay in foster care 14 Months
Male 52 %
Female 48 %
Reasons For Exiting Foster Care (2010) Percent Number
Reunification with Parents or Primary Caretaker 51 % 128,913
Living with other relative 8 % 20,423
Adoption 21 % 52,340
Guardianship 6 % 16,208
Transfer to Another Agency 2 % 5,114
Runaway 1 % 1,504
Death of Child 0 % 338
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